Creative Writing in English: Literature and Craft. Travel Writing in Chinese. Performance Arts in Modern Times. Digital Tactics and Subcultures. Bilingual Studies in Humour.
Subtitling: Issues in Audiovisual Translation and Culture. Creativity in Western Classical Music. Creative Expression with Music. Creative Online Social Networking. Creative Digital Imaging. Entrepreneurial Spirit and Opportunities. Be Your Own Boss — Entrepreneurship. Creativity and Individual Difference: Theories and Applications. Self-Improvement, Personal and Work Success. Economics of Culture and Creativity. Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Global Grand Challenges. Ecology and Chinese Cinema. Thinking like an Anthropologist.
This book explores the significance of food practices for childhood identities, Studies in Childhood and Youth Children, Food and Identity in Everyday Life. Buy Children, Food and Identity in Everyday Life (Studies in Childhood and Youth) by Allison James, Anne-Trine Kjorholt, Vebjorg Tingstad (ISBN.
Childhood, Youth and Culture. Understanding Language in Film. English in Popular Song. Science Fiction in Literature and Visual Arts. Dialogue Interpreting: Chinese and English. Food, Culture and Identity.
Cross-Cultural Studies of the Supernatural in Literature. The Origin and Functions of Art. Understanding Museums. Music and World Cultures. Law in Everyday Life. Managing Personal Finance. Understanding Investment in the Stock Market. Corporate Social Responsibility.
Getting to Yes through Negotiation.
Traditional Chinese Thought and Management. Labour Markets, Employability and Career Development.
China as a Business and Consumer Society. Human Relationship and Interpersonal Skills in Organisations. Stress Management, Health and Life Balance. Comparative Economic and Social Systems. Contemporary Socio-Economic Issues.
Hong Kong Civil Service. Technology and Cultural Change. Artificial Intelligence and Society. Technology and the Future of Mankind. Music and the Science of Sound. Colour Science and Digital Applications. Mathematical Literacy in Today's World. Personal Security in Cyberspace. Statistics in Modern Society. Spreadsheet-Based Decision Making. Calculus with Applications in Today's World.
Using the Internet for Learning and Research. Their risk experiences vary with place; at school and in other public places they face social as well as health risks. What we see is not agency as a voluntary choice but that young people with food allergies experience tensions between their own competence to manage different types of risks and their dependence on others to adjust to their needs.
Thus, the relational aspects of young people's agency come to the fore. As the avoidance of certain foods and the management of symptoms is the only treatment, food allergy requires constant risk management. Children with food allergy face the risk of encountering allergens, the dangerous food, in a variety of situations in everyday life and are therefore children at risk. Constant vigilance by the parents and the child is necessary, but there also needs to be communicated with others to ensure different social arenas are safe for the child.
The meaning of this constant vigilance is still not fully understood and the purpose of this article is to explore children's management of risk in their everyday lives. Children and young people may also experience their allergies or other health issues differently, depending on the place and social context. Risk is not seen as something given but as a dynamic phenomenon, which individuals interpret by developing strategies to manage risk in the local contexts where they spend time.
When they interact with each other and the physical environment, they also interpret and re construct risk — they are doing risk. In the research tradition of childhood studies, children and young people are seen as active social agents who are not only shaped by the processes, milieus and social relations around them, but also shape them. Indeed, the health and wellbeing of young people is both subject to adult control and also influenced by their own choices Christensen and James , Mayall However, children's agency is not unconstrained, but inflected with power.
In contrast to liberal models, the point of departure in this article is a social model of agency that recognises the social embeddedness of agency and children's differences Valentine Power and agency have also been important themes in research on children and food. Power and children's agency is of particular interest in relation to allergies, since an allergy entails additional restrictions for children.
Young people's lived experiences of food allergies are shaped within wider discourses around childhood, such as childhood vulnerability, age and responsibility James and James and societal consumption and eating ideals. Restricted food options may therefore have consequences for the young person's understanding of the self. Of importance are also local negotiations and agreements about how to manage food allergy risk in different social arenas Rous and Hunt These norms may be reflected in institutional arrangements and cultural practices of adults and children.
Young people with food allergies are therefore both positioned by others and position others within interaction processes in different contexts and peer groups where the tensions between conformity and individuality have to be managed Valentine The aim of this article is to explore young people's management of food allergy risks in relation to food, eating and place.
Specifically, it focuses on young people's accounts of agency and negotiations in the avoidance of health risk as well as social risk: how they avoid risky food, cope with allergic reactions and manage social risk related to interaction with others, together with their expectations of the future. The participants were informed about the study by the staff and the researcher then contacted those who had expressed an interest in participating. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee at Karolinska Institute and informed consent was obtained from the participants and their parents.
She emphasised that the information about their experiences would be very valuable and encouraged them to speak about things they considered important. To elict their own reflections, the participants were first asked about what came to mind upon hearing the term food allergy. Their accounts differed in terms of detail, but all interviewees were willing to share their experiences and some of them took the opportunity to express issues they considered important.
Data were analysed thematically Braun and Clarke , focusing on the young people's perspective on the meanings of food allergy risks. Two major themes were identified: the management of, on the one hand, the health risk and on the other hand, the social risk across different settings. The analysis focused on how these themes were linked to each other, as well as their implications for the young people's agency.
The management of health risks in different social contexts and places involves dependence on others. Despite constant vigilance, the participants described the impossible task that total risk avoidance presents, as the measures that others take to ensure that food is safe never appear fully trustworthy. Public places appear particularly precarious, while the home is depicted as a safe zone where family members adjust to the young person's needs. Parents ensure that the young person with an allergy can eat the same food as the rest of the family.
The home is often free from the foods they are allergic to, as Adrian says: At Mum's we never ever have anything with nuts in it, well traces of nuts can, my little brother can have sweets sometimes, but never anything with nuts in it. At Dad's it's probably a bit more, well, with nuts, we have biscuits with nougat in and that but I'd rather they weren't there when I'm at home, but I feel, when Mum and Dad cook I feel almost completely safe. There are few things … well, especially with mum, I knew she'd never like risk anything.
In the above account Adrian indicates that, even if the home is regarded as a safe zone one has to be alert there too; a challenge that increases in public places. Here, Alva describes the experience of the constant threat of an allergic reaction: Alva Imagine if I eat something, just imagine, it could happen at any time, it's really frightening. Alva If those who prepare food in different places don't know what they're doing, then it's really risky and I wonder whether I should eat that sandwich or not.
Have they used the right sort of butter? If not, I'll be really, really ill.